Saturday, June 14, 2014

King David Sunday School Lesson - King Saul Tries to Kill David, but David Won’t Kill Saul

Use this King David Sunday School lesson to teach children about how we should treat our enemies.

Needed: Bibles              

Lesson: (Note: Always allow students enough time to think about and answer the questions before clarifying the teaching.)

So far, we learned about how God told Samuel to make Saul the first king of Israel. But after Saul had been king of Israel for a long time, he started to do things that God didn’t want him to do. God told Saul that he couldn’t be king anymore and God told Samuel to choose David to be the next king.

Saul didn’t know that David had been picked to be the next king, so whenever Saul was in a bad mood, David would play music for him and make him feel better.

When the Philistines attacked Israel, it was David who was brave enough to go fight the giant, Goliath, and kill him, even though David was only a young teenager. God helped David beat Goliath with just a sling and a stone, and Israel won the war against the Philistines.

Today, we’re going to learn about what happened next to Saul and David.

(Read 1 Samuel 18-24, 26 with your students, or read the following story as a summary.)

Summary Story:

After David killed Goliath, he went back to live in the palace with King Saul. King Saul had a son named Jonathan, and David and Jonathan became best friends.

David also joined the army and won many more battles for Israel. All of the Israelites loved David and they made songs to sing about him. When King Saul heard the songs, though, he became jealous. He thought that people were starting to like David more than they liked him.

Saul was in such a bad mood about it, that he asked David to play some music for him so that maybe he could feel better. But while David was playing his instrument, King Saul picked up a spear and threw it at David. He tried to kill David because people liked David more than him, but David moved out of the way and the spear missed him.

Saul sad he was sorry and blamed it on his bad mood. Then he sent David to fight in another war against the Philistines. Saul hoped that David would die in the battle against the Philistines, but he didn’t.

Then Saul said, “David, I want you to marry my daughter, Princess Michal. All you have to do is kill one hundred Philistines.”

King Saul thought, “David will never be able to kill a hundred Philistines. They’ll kill him for sure.”

Do you think David can kill a hundred Philistines?

David did not kill a hundred Philistine soldiers. He killed two hundred Philistine soldiers, and so King Saul had to let David marry Princess Michal.

Meanwhile, King Saul kept getting more and more jealous of David. Finally, he told his son, Jonathan, and the rest of his soldiers to kill David. But Jonathan was David’s best friend and he warned David to run away.

David went home, but some of Saul’s soldiers came to kill him. Seeing them coming, Princess Michal, David’s wife, helped David escape out the window.

Some of the soldiers who liked David more than Saul went with him and they made their own army in the desert. They would attack Israel’s enemies, but would never attack King Saul or his army. Two times, King Saul and his army went out chasing David so that King Saul could kill him.

One time, David and his army were hiding in a cave. King Saul didn’t know they were in there so he went into the cave to go to the bathroom. While King Saul was going to the bathroom, David snuck up and cut a piece of Saul’s robe off.

When Saul walked back out of the cave, David followed him and said, “Look!” He showed him the piece of Saul’s robe he had cut off. “I could have killed you today, but I didn’t. Why are you trying to kill me?”

Saul was glad that David hadn’t killed him and he said he was sorry for chasing David and trying to kill him. He said he wouldn’t chase David anymore and went home.

But a little while later, Saul got jealous of David again. He took his army to chase David and try to kill him. This time, when it was dark and everyone was sleeping, David snuck into King Saul’s camp and took Saul’s spear and water jug.

When he had snuck back out of King Saul’s camp, he yelled at him and said, “King Saul, look! I have your spear and water jug. I could have killed you tonight, but I didn’t. Why are you trying to kill me?”

So again, King Saul said he was sorry and went home.

Review Questions:

David and Jonathan were best friends. Do you have a best friend? What do you like to do with your friend?

God gave us friends so that we could help them and have fun with them.

Why was King Saul trying to kill David all those times? (Because Saul was jealous of David.)

What would you have done to King Saul if you were David?

Even though King Saul was chasing David and trying to kill him, David knew that it would be wrong to hurt King Saul back. Remember, when someone hits you or does something wrong to you, be like David and don’t hurt them back.

Find more Sunday School lesson ideas on our Free Children Sunday School Lesson Helps page.
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