Use this David and Goliath Sunday School lesson to teach kids about how God helped David defeat Goliath.
Needed: Bibles, balls, socks
Needed: Bibles, balls, socks
Lesson: (Note: Always allow students enough time to think about and answer the questions before clarifying the teaching.)
So far, we learned about how God told Samuel to make Saul the first king of Israel. But after Saul had been king of Israel for a long time, he started to do things that God didn’t want him to do. God told Saul that he couldn’t be king anymore and God told Samuel to choose David to be the next king.
Today, we’re going to learn about what happened next to Saul and David.
(Read 1 Samuel 16:14-17:58 with your students, or read the following story as a summary.)
God’s Holy Spirit left King Saul because Saul had sinned against God. From then on, King Saul would often become angry or sad. No one could make him feel better so his servants had the idea that maybe listening to some music would make Saul feel better.
Saul decided to try it. Everyone knew that David played music very well so King Saul called for David to come live in the palace with him. King Saul didn’t know that God and Samuel had chosen David to be the next king.
Whenever Saul got in a bad mood, David would play music on his instrument and make Saul feel better for a little while.
A little while after that, though, the Philistines came and attacked Israel again. King Saul and his army went to fight the Israelites and David went back to his father’s house since he was still too young to fight.
The Philistines didn’t attack the Israelite army, though. Instead, they sent out their best fighter, a man named Goliath. Goliath was the tallest man there was back then. He was nine and half feet tall. He was huge. Every day, he would come out of his tent with all of his armor on and holding a long spear, and he would say, “I challenge you, Israelites. Send out one man to fight me. If he wins, all of us Philistines will be your slaves. But if I win, then all of the Israelites have to be our slaves.”
But none of the Israelites were brave enough to go fight Goliath. He was just too big and scary. Every day, for forty days, he would come out and challenge the Israelites, “Send out one man to fight me,” but no one ever did.
Until one day, David’s father sent David to take some food to his brothers in the army. While David was there, he heard Goliath saying this. David asked, “Why doesn’t someone go fight him? We can win. We have God on our side.”
But no one would go fight Goliath. So David asked, “What will I get if I go fight him?”
The men in the army said, “If someone goes to fight Goliath and wins, King Saul will give him a lot of money and will also let him marry his daughter.”
So David said, “I’ll go fight Goliath. I’m not afraid.”
When King Saul heard what David was saying, he said, “David, you can’t go fight Goliath. You’re just a teenager and he’s a grown man. He’s a warrior.”
But David said, “King Saul, I am a shepherd. Whenever a lion or a bear tries to steal one of my sheep, I fight the lion or bear and I kill them. I rescue my sheep from them. I will kill this Philistine, Goliath, just like I killed all of those lions and bears. I’m not afraid. God helped me fight the lions and the bears and God will help me fight Goliath too.”
Then Saul gave his permission for David to go fight Goliath, but he made David wear some armor first.
David tried on the armor and the helmet and he practiced using a sword, but he couldn’t move very well. The armor was too big for him and he wasn’t used to wearing it. He took it off and said, “I can’t go fight like this.”
Then David took his shepherd’s staff and his sling. He picked smooth stones out of the river and put them in his bag. Then he went out to fight Goliath.
Goliath looked at David and laughed. “You’re only a boy,” Goliath said, “and you don’t even have a sword, just a stick for a staff. Come here so I can kill you. I’ll let the birds and animals eat your dead body.”
But David answered, “You want to fight me with your sword, but I will fight you in the power of God. God will help me win and then I will cut off your head.”
Then Goliath ran at David, swinging his sword. But David took out his sling, put one his rocks in it, and swung it over his head. The rock flew out and hit Goliath right between the eyes.
Goliath fell down, dead, and David ran up and took Goliath’s sword. Then he cut off Goliath’s head with his own sword.
Seeing that Goliath had lost, the soldiers in the Philistines army all tried to run away, but the Israelite army chased them and beat them, and David kept Goliath’s sword for himself.
What did David do to make Saul feel better when he was in a bad mood? (He played music for him.)
Do you think God wants us to help people feel better when they’re in a bad mood? (Yes.)
What are some things you can do to help make somebody feel better when they’re sad or angry about something? (Suggestions could include talking to them, giving them a hug, doing something nice for them, etc.)
Why wasn’t David afraid of Goliath? (David knew that God would help him beat Goliath.)
Do you think God can help you when you’re afraid? (Yes.)
God is always with us and He can always help us to be brave when we’re nervous or afraid. Remember, God is stronger than everything.
Game: Sling Shot - Put a ball in a sock and give a “sling” to each student. Put a bucket or garbage can a few feet way. Tell students that they have to swing the sock over their head and then sling it to try to get it in the bucket. After everyone has thrown, students retrieve their sock slings and start round two. Each time their sock lands in the bucket, they get a point. The student with the most points at the end, wins. Play as long as time permits or interest continues.